geomon

Global Earth Observation and Monitoring
of the atmosphere


Station Report Card for Zugspitze (ZUG)

Site Identity

Name:Zugspitze
GEOmon ID:ZUG
EMEP ID:
GAW ID:ZSF
Longitude:10.983 (°E)
Latitude:47.417 (°N)
Altitude: 2950 (m) above sea level
Fig.: Location of Site

Measurements

The GEOmon activity 2.1 focuses on surface observations of ozone, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide. At most stations presented here, measurements of several other trace gases and aerosol parameters are also available but are not listed here. Refer to GAWSIS for more information on other parameters.

The complete set of preliminary harmonized data can be downloaded here: (hourly, daily data, data description).
Data of the site Zugspitze can be downloaded here: (hourly, daily data, data description)
Ozone Measurements
Height of O3 inlet:2.5 (m) Length of O3 sample line:1 (m)
O3 sampling method:Continuous O3 analysis method:UV-Absorption
O3 sampling interval:1 minute(s)
O3 calibration with NIST standard:1 year(s) Location of used NIST standard:UBA
First measurement in dataset:1995-01-01 00:00 Last measurement in dataset:2006-12-31 00:00
Data coverage: 94.0 (%) Data source/provider: WDCGG
(status: 2007-12-01)
Comments:None

Nitrogen Dioxide Measurements
Height of NO2 inlet:2.5 (m) Length of NO2 sampling line:0.8 (m)
NO2 sampling method:Continuous NO2 analysis method:Photolytic conversion - CL
NO2 sampling frequency:30 minute(s)
NO2 calibration with primary standard:Not available
First measurement in dataset:2003-02-27 00:00 Last measurement in dataset:2003-12-31 00:00
Data coverage: 50.3 (%) Data source/provider: WDCGG
(status: 2007-12-01)
Comments:None
Carbon Monoxide Measurements
Height of CO inlet:2.5 (m) Length of CO sampling line:3.5 (m)
CO sampling method:Continuous CO analysis method:VUV fluorescence
CO sampling frequency:1 minute(s)
CO calibration with primary standard:NOAA04
First measurement in dataset:1995-01-01 00:00 Last measurement in dataset:2001-12-31 00:00
Data coverage: 95.4 (%) Data source/provider: WDCGG
(status: 2007-12-01)
Comments:None

Fig.: Overview of available measurements (daily data)

Surroundings 10 km

Median altitude: 1450 (m) a.s.l. Standard deviation of altitude: 464 (m)
Site Altitude: 2950 (m) a.s.l. Terrain below site: 100.0 (%)
Total population: 19901 Standard deviation of population: 370
Mean population density: 59 (km-2) Standard deviation of population density: 25 (km-2)
Local population density: 47.8 (km-2)
Dominating Land Cover Types:
Tree Cover, needle-leaved, evergreen (4) 54.4 (%)
Sparse Herbaceous or sparse Shrub Cover (14) 26.1 (%)
Herbaceous Cover, closed-open (13) 7.8 (%)
Tree Cover, mixed leaf type (6) 5.5 (%)
 
Mean O3 deposition velocity: 0.53 (cm s-1) Standard deviation of O3 deposition velocity: 0.15 (cm s-1)
Fig.: Topography Fig.: Population
 
Fig.: Land Cover

Surroundings 50 km

Median altitude: 1250 (m) a.s.l. Standard deviation of altitude: 593 (m)
Site Altitude: 2950 (m) a.s.l. Terrain below site: 99.3 (%)
Total population:687534 Standard deviation of population: 1507
Mean population density: 84 (km-2) Standard deviation of population density: 103 (km-2)
Local population density: 47.8 (km-2)
Dominating Land Cover Types:
Tree Cover, needle-leaved, evergreen (4) 44.2 (%)
Herbaceous Cover, closed-open (13) 20.1 (%)
Sparse Herbaceous or sparse Shrub Cover (14) 13.5 (%)
Tree Cover, broadleaved, deciduous, closed (2) 10.5 (%)
 
Mean O3 deposition velocity: 0.60 (cm s-1) Standard deviation of O3 deposition velocity: 0.16 (cm s-1)
Fig.: Topography Fig.: Population
 
Fig.: Land Cover

12 hour Catchment Area

Mean radius: 48 (km) Standard deviation radius: 24 (km)
Equivalent radius: 60 (km) Circularity: 0.54
Total area: 11487 (km2) Total residence time: 19.0 (%)
Maximal radius: 90 (km) Minimal radius: 11 (km)
Maximal radius direction:W Minimal radius direction:SE
Average population density: 87 (km-2) Standard deviation of population density: 65 (km-2)
 
Dominating Land Cover Types:
Tree Cover, needle-leaved, evergreen (4) 42.6 (%)
Herbaceous Cover, closed-open (13) 23.7 (%)
Tree Cover, broadleaved, deciduous, closed (2) 14.0 (%)
Tree Cover, mixed leaf type (6) 10.5 (%)
 
Average O3 deposition velocity: 0.64 (cm s-1) Standard deviation of O3 deposition velocity: 0.08 (cm s-1)
Catchment area derived from:COSMO LPDM
Fig.: Surface Footprint Catchment Area , Europe

24 hour Catchment Area

Mean radius: 85 (km) Standard deviation radius: 41 (km)
Equivalent radius: 100 (km) Circularity: 0.36
Total area: 31729 (km2) Total residence time: 27.4 (%)
Maximal radius: 155 (km) Minimal radius: 30 (km)
Maximal radius direction:W Minimal radius direction:SE
Average population density: 109 (km-2) Standard deviation of population density: 135 (km-2)
 
Dominating Land Cover Types:
Tree Cover, needle-leaved, evergreen (4) 36.3 (%)
Herbaceous Cover, closed-open (13) 24.8 (%)
Tree Cover, broadleaved, deciduous, closed (2) 15.9 (%)
Tree Cover, mixed leaf type (6) 9.9 (%)
 
Average O3 deposition velocity: 0.64 (cm s-1) Standard deviation of O3 deposition velocity: 0.10 (cm s-1)
Catchment area derived from:COSMO LPDM
Fig.: Surface Footprint Catchment Area , Europe

48 hour Catchment Area

Mean radius: 143 (km) Standard deviation radius: 67 (km)
Equivalent radius: 161 (km) Circularity: 0.33
Total area: 81782 (km2) Total residence time: 35.3 (%)
Maximal radius: 277 (km) Minimal radius: 59 (km)
Maximal radius direction:W Minimal radius direction:SE
Average population density: 128 (km-2) Standard deviation of population density: 187 (km-2)
 
Dominating Land Cover Types:
Tree Cover, needle-leaved, evergreen (4) 32.0 (%)
Herbaceous Cover, closed-open (13) 23.6 (%)
Tree Cover, broadleaved, deciduous, closed (2) 18.9 (%)
Tree Cover, mixed leaf type (6) 9.3 (%)
 
Average O3 deposition velocity: 0.66 (cm s-1) Standard deviation of O3 deposition velocity: 0.12 (cm s-1)
Catchment area derived from:COSMO LPDM
Fig.: Surface Footprint Catchment Area , Europe


Please contact Stephan Henne in case of any questions.